Rwanda – Power Sector Report

Categories: Electricity, Energy and Natural Resources

Price: $1,295


This report provides a comprehensive industry profile, analysis and outlook of Rwanda’s power sector. For years, power generation has been one of the most neglected sectors in the country. Until 2004, Rwanda depended on a single energy source - hydropower - whose limited capacity relied on a derelict network with technical and commercial losses of around 30%, much of which is attributed to the lack of investment in the sector for the last 25 years. Currently, hydropower, accounts for 53% and thermal (fossil fuel) for 46% and 1% methane gas and solar. In 2014, 18% of households had access to grid. The country has total installed generation capacity of 115 MW. The Government has put construction of energy plants, alternative energy sources and greater diversification and connectivity at the top of its development agenda. Generation from thermal sources, pertinently gas-fired plants, is expected to increase due to presence of abundant methane gas availability in Lake Kivu.

The report provides a SWOT analysis, full overview of the power sector and its segments with a focus on the sector’s growth and value. It analyses the country’s thermal (e.g. gas and oil) and renewable energy sources including solar (photovoltaic) energy and wind energy. It analyses the sector’s potential, scrutinizes the country’s energy security, its electricity supply and demand structure. It gives and overview of the national electrification program, as well as regional interconnection. It summarizes recent developments in the sector including the major projects, companies and investors. It outlines the main factors driving growth in the sector, as well as gives details on capital and financing. The Report explains the sectoral policy and regulatory environment in the country and provides an assessment of the risks and challenges in the sector for domestic and foreign investors. Finally, it provides market trends and outlook.

The report draws on national and international data, statistics, media reports and industry insights. It is useful to domestic and international investors, policy-makers, businesses and research institutions in understanding investment opportunities, risks and challenges, legal and business environment in Rwanda.

Table of Contents

1. Rwanda: Country Brief
- Investor Confidence Skyrockets

2. Sector Overview
- Industry profile
- Energy Supply
- Continuing growth in power generating
- 70% of Rwandans to have electricity by 2017
- Power generation costs
- Electricity Production
- Electricity Tariffs
- Energy Consumption
- Electricity consumption

3. Recent developments
- Eurobonds financing power projects
- East African nations seek consultant for crude oil pipeline
- Energy / Hydro Roll-out Program
- EU to Finance Methane Gas Extraction Studies
- Funding for Rusumo Plant
- New Hydropower Projects
- First Peat Fired Power Plant in Africa
- India to invest in peat-to-power in Rwanda
- First Solar Plant in Rwanda
- Kayonza solar plant
- Germans to provide more solar energy

4. Energy Sources
- Methane gas - the future of power for Rwanda
- Renewable energy sub-sector
- - Solar Photovoltaic (PV)
- - Solar Water Heaters (SWH)
- - Geothermal Energy
- - Peat-to-power
- - Bio-energy
- - Wind
- Petroleum

5. Energy Infrastructure

6. Trade in Electricity

7. Regional Interconnection / Integration

8. Leading Companies
- Energy, Water & Sanitation (EWSA)
- Contour Global
- Punj Lloyd

9. Drivers of Growth

10. Capital and Financing

11. Policy and regulatory environment
- Regulatory Bodies for Energy Sector
- Rwanda’s Energy Policy
- Aims of Energy Policy
- The Electricity Development Strategy (2011-2017)
- Energy Sector Laws
- Electricity Law
- Private sector participation in energy (PPP)
- Electricity Licenses
- Electricity License Fees
- Petroleum and Petroleum Products Trade & Licenses
- License for LPG Businesses
- Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (REFIT)
- Annual Public Utility Fee

12. Foreign Investment
- Foreign Investment in Rwanda
- Investments in Energy Sector
- US Funding
- Funding for Renewable Energy
- African Development Bank
- Government Policy on Foreign Investment
- Incentives for Foreign Investors

13. Risks & Challenges

14. Market Opportunities

15. Market Trends & Outlook

List of Figures:
Figure 1: Real GDP growth in East Africa
Figure 2: GDP by kind of activity at current prices
Figure 3: Energy mix in Rwanda, 2014
Figure 4: List of major licensed independent power producers, 2014
Figure 5: Energy generation costs in Rwanda, 2014
Figure 6: Electricity production in Rwanda, 2013
Figure 7: Annual Production of Electricity in Rwanda, 2013
Figure 8: Electricity Tariff, 2014
Figure 9: Energy consumption in Rwanda, 2013
Figure 10: Electricity subscribers market share, December 2013
Figure 11: Characteristics of methane gas in Lake Kivu
Figure 12: Location and the storage capacity of the existing fuel depots
Figure 13: Trends in Rwanda's Electricity Imports, 2013
Figure 14: Import of Electricity in Rwanda, 2013
Figure 15: Electricity Exports, 2013
Figure 16: Trends in Net Electricity Imports, 2013
Figure 17: Key Players in Rwanda’s energy sector, 2014
Figure 18: Table: GDP per capita growth, 2014
Figure 19: Electricity License Fees
Figure 20: Renewable Tariffs in Rwanda, 2014
Figure 21: Registered Investments in Rwanda by Sector, 2012