Analyzing Renewable Energy Industry in Scotland

Categories: Energy and Natural Resources, Renewable Energy

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Scotland is utilizing its abundant renewable resources to the greatest potential. Scotland is known across the world for its beautiful landscapes and dynamic renewable energy industry and the Scottish Government has to balance both of these priorities. The oil, gas and renewable energy sectors make a significant contribution to the Scottish economy and provide substantial opportunities for investment in Scotland. Years of oil and gas production have created a strong supply chain, a skilled workforce, a renowned academic sector and a well-developed energy infrastructure. These skills are all transferrable to Scotland’s growing renewable energy industry as well.

Burcote Wind and Wind Power Tech are two of the biggest players in the industry. Hydro power contributed almost one third of renewable electricity output, and while although other technologies such as biomass and marine energy currently make a smaller contribution, they have massive potential for growth in the future. Onshore wind is key to meeting Scotland’s climate change and renewable energy targets. There is significant additional capacity in development across Scotland, with projects either in planning or already consented totaling over 13GW. Again, capacity increases in the short term will come from onshore wind, with over 3.9GW of capacity already consented. In the longer term, it is likely to see major increases in offshore wind, with almost 4GW in planning and a further 6GW of identified potential which has yet to enter the planning system. There is also 560MW of biomass plants at various stages of development and 1.6GW of potential wave and tidal projects agreed with The Crown Estate that are yet to formally enter the planning system.

The Edinburgh City Region is at the forefront of Scotland's renewable energy sector due to its expertise in developing and bringing to market new renewable technologies and existing strengths in engineering and traditional energy. The Scottish Government has set a target of generating 50% of electricity in Scotland from renewable sources by 2020 – the most progressive and ambitious target of its kind in Europe. Scotland is currently well on course to meet the target. Scotland’s potential renewable energy resource is significant; estimated at a staggering 60GW – enough to meet Scotland’s current peak winter demand many times over.

We present a focus on the Renewable Energy Industry in Scotland in its report – Analyzing Renewable Energy in Scotland. The report is a complete analysis of the various sectors of renewable energy in Scotland. Starting with an analysis of the energy issues facing Scotland and the overall renewable energy industry in Scotland, the report analyzes the following renewable commodities: small hydro power, biomass, wind energy, tidal and wave energy, nuclear power, and wind energy. Scotland’s environment for the development of renewable energy is also discussed in details in the report. Regulatory frameworks, government schemes promoting the use of renewable energy, etc., are all described in the report.

Major industry players such as Scottish and Southern Energy, Ecotricity, Airtricity, etc., are also profiled in the This Analyzing Renewable Energy in Scotland.

Table of Contents

A. Executive Summary

B. Energy Issues in Scotland
B.1 Overview
B.2 Drivers for Future Energy Policy
B.2.1 Energy Supply Security
B.2.2 GHG Emissions
B.2.3 Energy Prices
B.3 Regulatory Issues
B.4 Issues with Energy Efficiency
B.5 Increasing the Use of Cleaner Energy
B.5.1 Inducing Emissions Control
B.5.2 Fuel Substitution with Renewables
B.6 Requirement of Cleaner Fuels for Transportation
B.7 Requirement of Cleaner Fuels for Heating
B.8 Requirement of Cleaner Fuels for Electricity
B.9 Looking at Nuclear Fission

C. Energy Sources in the UK & Scotland
C.1 Looking at the Sources of Energy
C.2 Reasons for Rising Energy Prices
C.2.1 Declining New Supplies of Oil & Gas
C.2.2 Privatization & Market Failure
C.2.3 Rising Demand & No Concept of Energy Efficiency
C.3 Looking at Climate Change
C.4 Conclusion

D. Looking at Scotland’s Electricity Network

E. Introduction to Renewable Energy in Scotland
E.1 Overview of the Renewable Energy Market in Scotland
E.2 Potential of Renewable Energy in Scotland
E.3 Scotland’s Renewable Resource Potential
E.4 Potential of Onshore Wind
E.5 Potential of Offshore Wind
E.6 Potential of Hydro Power
E.7 Potential of Biomass
E.8 Potential of Tidal & Wave Energy
E.9 Potential of Hydrogen & Other Technologies
E.10 A Look at Scotland’s 2020 Target

F. Reducing GHG Emissions in Scotland through Renewable Energy
F.1 Introduction
F.2 Electricity Requirements of Scotland
F.3 Looking at the 2010 Target
F.4 Looking at the 2020 Target
F.5 Closure of Conventional Power Plants
F.6 Will Renewables Fulfill the Rising Energy Demand?
F.7 Looking at Micro-Generation
F.8 Conservation of Energy
F.9 Building an Energy Strategy
F.10 Conclusion

G. Major Concerns related to Renewable Energy in Scotland

H. Wind Energy Industry in Scotland
H.1 Overview
H.2 World’s Largest Wind Turbine in Scotland
H.3 Wind Potential
H.4 Wind Variability in the Region
H.5 Issues with Aesthetics & Landscape
H.6 Community-owned Schemes
H.7 Looking at the Black Law Wind Farm
H.8 Looking at the Hadyard Hill Wind Farm
H.9 Looking at the Whitelee Wind Farm
H.10 Looking at the Clyde Wind Farm
H.11 Looking at the Beinn an Tuirc Wind Farm
H.12 Looking at the Bowbeat Wind Farm
H.13 Looking at the Robin Rigg Wind Farm

I. Looking at the Findhorn Ecovillage

J. Biofuels in Scotland
J.1 Development of Biodiesel
J.2 Development of Biogas/Landfill Gas
J.3 Development of Solid Biomass

K. Biomass in Scotland
K.1 Introduction
K.2 Aims of the Scottish Biomass Action Plan
K.3 Overview of the Plan
K.4 Impact of Scotland on UK’s Biomass Strategy
K.5 A Look at Biomass Heating

L. Wave Power in Scotland

M. Tidal Energy Farms in Scotland
M.1 Introduction
M.2 Importance of Marine Energy
M.3 Impact of Tidal Energy
M.4 Looking at the Advantages of Tidal Current Energy
M.5 Looking at the Disadvantages of Tidal Current Energy
M.6 Socio-economic Advantages
M.7 Scotland’s Marine Resources
M.8 Limited Deployment of Marine Renewable Devices
M.9 Large Scale Hydro versus Micro-Hydro
M.10 Developing a Channel Model
M.11 Developing a Strategy for Base-load Generation
M.12 Challenges Facing Grid Connection & Extension
M.13 Opting for Embedded Generation
M.14 Usage of Energy Storage to Reduce Residual Excesses & Deficits
M.15 Combining Generation Methods to Increase Power
M.16 Research & Development in the Industry
M.17 Market Status & Opportunities
M.18 Resource Potential
M.19 Tidal Current Development Potential
M.20 Barriers to Development

N. Analyzing Small Hydro Schemes in Scotland
N.1 Understanding the Hydro Technology
N.2 Considering the Potential of a Site
N.3 Types of Turbines
N.3.1 Impulse Turbines
N.3.2 Reaction Turbines
N.4 Developing a New Hydro Scheme in Scotland
N.5 Electricity Prices & a Scheme’s Power Rating in Scotland

O. Impact of Climate Change on Deriving Energy from Small Hydro
O.1 Introduction
O.2 Relation between Climate Change & Small Hydro
O.3 Case Study: Ormiston Mill Small Hydro Scheme
O.4 Analyzing Climate Sensitivity
O.5 Deriving Projections from Climate Models
O.6 How to Adapt Small Hydro Schemes to Climate Change
O.7 Summing Up

P. Deriving Energy from Peat

Q. Deriving Energy from Waste

R. Looking at Other Renewable Energies & Methods of Lowering GHG Emissions
R.1 Hydro-electric
R.2 Solar Power
R.3 Geothermal
R.4 Carbon Offsetting
R.5 Hydrogen Economy

S. Analyzing Nuclear Power in Scotland
S.1 Market Overview
S.2 Looking at the Chapelcross Nuclear Station
S.3 Looking at the Hunterston A Nuclear Power Station
S.4 Looking at the Hunterston B Nuclear Power Station
S.5 Looking at the Torness Nuclear Power Station
S.6 Looking at Dounreay DFR
S.7 Looking at the Dounreay DFR

T. Looking at the Social-Environmental Impact of Renewable Energy in Scotland
T.1 Introduction
T.2 Support of the UK Government in Promotion of Renewable Energies
T.3 ‘Rurality’ & Renewable Energy
T.4 Support & Promotion of Renewable Energies in Scotland
T.5 Investigating the Impact of Renewable Energies on the Environment & the People
T.6 Conclusion

U. Case Studies
U.1 Looking at the Ben Cruachan Hydro-electric Power Station
U.2 Looking at Islay LIMPET

V. Leading Industry Contributors
V.1 A7 Energy
V.2 Airtricity
V.3 British Energy
V.4 British Nuclear Fuels plc
V.5 Centrica
V.6 Community Windpower
V.8 Eco2
V.9 Ecotricity
V.10 Falck Renewables
V.11 Fred Olsen Renewables
V.12 Npower
V.13 RES
V.14 Scottish and Southern Energy
V.15 Scottish Hydro Electric
V.16 Scottish Nuclear
V.17 Shetland Aerogenerators
V.18 South of Scotland Electricity Board
V.19 Triodos Renewables
V.20 United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority
V.21 Wavegen

W. Appendix

X. Glossary of Terms